Reductions in energy requirements of products and services
At Repsol we invest in sustainable mobility with electric mobility projects, new hybrid propulsion systems and development of automotive gas.
Electric mobility projects
Since 2010 we have been promoting electric mobility through IBIL, jointly held in equal stakes by Repsol and the Basque Energy Agency (EVE, by its Spanish acronym), where we provide an integral recharging service based on 100% renewable energy, smart terminals and facilities, and an infrastructure control center.
We now have 859 recharging stations operational in both the public and private sectors. Our total investment in this project to date is €7.25 million.
The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Foodstuffs and the Environment chose Repsol's Electric Car scheme operated by IBIL as a CLIMA Project over the maximum period possible. Repsol is the first company in the history of these projects in Spain to verify reduction of GHG emissions. The project encourages the use of electric cars through acquisition of the CO2 reductions generated. The first, second and third activities have now been granted (2012 – 2017; 2013 – 2018; 2014 – 2019). Reduction of CO2 emissions was verified by an agency accredited by the Ministry of the Environment. To date it stands at 518 tCO2, as follows:
|2012:||27.98 tCO2 reduced.|
|2013:||83.17 tCO2 reduced.|
|2014:||173.69 tCO2 reduced.|
|2015:||234.07 tCO2 reduced.|
These amounts are the equivalent of CO2 absorption in one year of 15,589 trees.
We have also continued to promote electric mobility at the Repsol paddock on the MotoGP circuits, in partnership with Scutum (which supplied the electric motorbike) and IBIL (managing the recharging terminal). Scutum has been a Repsol investee since 2014 under the INNVIERTE program for the design, production and sale of electric platforms and battery extraction systems for electric motorbikes.
Two of its competitive edges are the removable battery pack system, patented in Europe, and the industrial design of the electric platform, adaptable to the customer's needs. In 2016 Scutum sold 468 electric motorbikes.
We are continuing with the corporate car-sharing program with electric vehicles, thanks to which 289 users registered in the service in 2016 traveled more than 76,000 kilometers with no pollutant emissions.
We also carry out research and generate technologies to help electric car batteries charge more rapidly and last longer. One of our latest initiatives in this area is a project with CIDETEC to come up with technologies with high improvement potential compared to the systems currently available. Batteries presently used on electric cars, although they have their differences, form part of the same family - lithium ion batteries - as those used by mobile phones, tablets and laptops. This technology, however, has certain limitations for electric cars, the major restriction being autonomy, i.e. the distance that can be traveled on a single charge.
The main objective of the project is to develop technologies that minimize or eliminate these restrictions. Work therefore focuses on specific energy and energy density to boost autonomy with a battery of a similar weight and size.
The partnership strives to develop technologies to boost electric mobility and expand it more comprehensively. It therefore focuses on substantially improving the present batteries or going even further - developing disruptive storage technologies, for example.
Integrated Advanced Propulsion System 2017 (Spanish acronym "SPAIN 2017")
This project focuses on developing a hybrid series propulsion system combining electric propulsion, a range-extender system based on a gasoline motor, a battery and recovery of kinetic energy in the braking system and recovery of heat energy from exhaust pipes (using a thermoelectric unit and turbine-generator system). The propulsion system attempts to improve efficiency and reduce pollutant emissions thanks to technological development in the various components - among which the lighter gasoline and oil specially designed for the project, and optimization of the system control algorithms. The project will be carried out in a consortium with five other companies and other research centers, and is being financed by the CDTI's "CIEN" scheme.
AutoGas is the most widely used alternative car fuel, and it produces fuel savings of up to 40%. We now have 745 AutoGas supply points, and are gradually extending our network.
Many manufacturers now sell AutoGas vehicles, but many gasoline-powered cars can also adapt to AutoGas. Bifuel AutoGas automobiles have two tanks, one for gasoline and another for AutoGas, thereby doubling the vehicle's autonomy. Its equipment and performance are similar to those of automobiles using traditional fuels.
At Repsol we have taken another stride forward in the use of LPG by optimizing its consumption and performance levels. company scientists and researchers teamed up with leading European design companies AVL and Delphi to develop a prototype AutoGas vehicle. For the first time it is now possible to carry out direct liquid-phase injection with a light fuel, LPG.
This energy alternative features particle-free combustion, meets the 2020 emissions threshold requirements, and most particularly it reduces CO2 emissions by around 15% more than gasoline-powered automobiles.
- The INNVIERTE program is part of the 2013-2020 Spanish Strategy for Science and Technology and Innovation. This strategy contains the objectives, reforms and measures that must be adopted for all R+D+i in order to drive growth and impact. The program consists of an agreement with the CDTI for co-investment in Spanish technological SMEs in relation to alternative energies and energy efficiency. The joint investment commitment is €9.3 million. Repsol contributes €5.3 million, and handles the company portfolio generated.